Few of them were betting on an agreement at the end of the working week which brought together in Paris, since May 26, representatives of Caledonian political parties, loyalists and separatists, on the institutional future of New Caledonia. . To achieve this, it took the overseas minister, Sébastien Lecornu, not to hesitate to “shake the coconut palm” and for both to agree to go out of their comfort zone, often consisting of focusing on the coconut tree. opposite camp – or on the state – the responsibility for the failure of the discussions.
The conclusions of the discussions will be presented by the Minister of Overseas Territories, Wednesday, June 2 in the Council of Ministers: the referendum on the independence of New Caledonia should take place before the end of the year – the date of December 12 is envisaged – and will be followed by a two-year transition period, according to information from the World.
For three days, the working sessions which were held at the Ministry of Overseas Territories, but also at Balard, with the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, General Lecointre, or at the Quai d’Orsay, with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian, based on the document drawn up by the State services, shed light on the consequences of yes and no to independence. A work that had never been done until then, before the first two consultations on the accession to full sovereignty of New Caledonia which were held on November 4, 2018 and October 4, 2020 and granted each times, a majority in the no, with a gap which however narrowed to 53.26% against 46.74% in the last referendum.
If the question asked will remain the same – “Do you want New Caledonia to gain full sovereignty and become independent? ” – during the third and final referendum provided for by the Nouméa agreement of May 5, 1998 and which the independentist members of Congress requested, it was essential that political actors and voters be able to project themselves into the next day, that the concrete, legal, economic, financial, social implications of independence or of staying in the Republic are discussed. In any case, this third consultation will mark the end of the Noumea agreement. It will require a debate in Parliament and will lead to a constitutional revision, the transitional provisions resulting from the Nouméa agreement having been incorporated into Title XIII of the Constitution.
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