A few weeks after a second military coup in nine months in Mali, the African Union (AU) announced on Tuesday 1is June its decision to suspend the country again.
L’UA “Decide (…) immediately suspend the Republic of Mali from its participation in all activities of the African Union, its organs and institutions, until normal constitutional order is restored in the country ”the organization’s Peace and Security Council said in a statement.
The AU calls on the Malian military to “Urgently and unconditionally to return to their barracks and to refrain from any future interference in the political process in Mali”. It asks to establish the conditions for the return to a democratic transition “Unhindered, transparent and fast. “Otherwise, the council will not hesitate to impose targeted sanctions and other punitive measures” against those who prevent the transition, adds the text.
The African Union’s decision follows by a few days that of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which has also announced that Mali will be suspended from its institutions.
This Sahelian country has experienced two coups d’état in nine months: on August 18, 2020, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta, known as “IBK”, accused of corruption and powerlessness in the face of insecurity, was overthrown by a coup after several months of anti-government demonstrations.
The AU then suspends Mali. But the continental organization lifts its decision in early October, after the junta has committed to a transition to civilian power within eighteen months. On April 15, 2021, the transitional authorities set dates in this sense in February and March 2022 for the presidential and legislative elections.
But on May 24, the soldiers, dissatisfied with a recomposition of the government decided upon following a growing dispute, arrested the president and the prime minister, Bah N’Daw and Moctar Ouane, taken under duress to the military camp of Kati. , near Bamako.
On May 28, the Malian Constitutional Court declared Colonel Assimi Goïta as head of state and transitional president, a key man in the current political crisis. The latter assured that the planned elections would be held in the course of 2022.
In its statement, the AU calls for none of the current officials to stand for the upcoming elections and calls for the lifting of the « restrictions » for all political actors, including MM. N’Daw and Ouane, currently under house arrest. She also announces the forthcoming organization of an assessment mission to Mali.